Percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat congenital pulmonary stenosis. Congenital pulmonary stenosis is a health condition present at birth. In this case, the pulmonary valve cannot completely open and close. Traditionally, this problem was treated through an open heart surgery but with continuous research and advancement in the medical field there are new techniques to help with this condition.
The incomplete opening and closing of the heart can cause pressure on the heart resulting in weakened heart muscles. This may cause serious problems in the coming future; this is why it is really important to get rid of the problem as soon as possible. There are two types of pulmonary stenosis: mild pulmonary stenosis and severe pulmonary stenosis. Mild pulmonary stenosis does not worsen with time, but severe cases can worsen quickly and need immediate treatment.
The most common symptoms of pulmonary valve stenosis are heart murmurs (a whooshing sound made by heart while pumping), fatigue and shortness of breath, chest pain and fainting. These symptoms are observed during severe cases of pulmonary valve stenosis. If a person experiences any of the above mentioned symptoms, he or she should immediately consult the doctor.
The doctor performs a thorough diagnosis when he or she notices heart murmurs during a physical examination. The complete diagnosis consists of the following tests:
• Echocardiogram – Image tests to check the condition of the heart
• Electrocardiogram – Tests the electric activity of your heart
• MRI and CT Scans
• Cardiac Catheterization
After these tests if the doctor diagnosis a pulmonary valve stenosis, he or she will immediately start with the treatment. Before a percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, the doctor will explain the whole procedure to the patient and also what risks may arise after the surgery. For it he or she will assign a special care plan to the patient.
During the percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty the doctor will insert a small tube through a vein in your leg. Through this the doctor will place a small uninflated balloon to the opening of your valve. Once the balloon is set at the opening of the valve, the doctor will inflate the balloon and then remove it through the tube.
Though the surgery is minimally invasive, there is a little risk of bleeding, infection and blood clots but an experienced doctor will perform the procedure with utmost sincerity and make sure that these complications won’t arise.