Aortic Valve Stenosis - Diagnosis and Treatment

Aortic valve stenosis is life-threatening medical condition. But with the breakthroughs in medical sciences, a variety of treatments have been assorted to treat it. Medications, therapies, surgeries, aortic valve substitution, aortic valve balloon valvuloplasty, lifestyle modifications, and so on.

This uneven state is created due to improper functioning of aortic valve in heart. Basically, human heart has four valves, namely,  the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pneumonic valve, and aortic valve. Every valve has folds that open and close once amid every pulse. The function of these valves is to stream the blood in right direction. Due to various reasons, such as diseases and infections, opening and closing of these valves can be disrupted which can hamper the capacity of these valves to rightly direct blood into our body.

Similarly in aortic valve stenosis, the aortic valve which is present between the left ventricle and the aorta is rigged. When the flow of aortic valve is limited, the stress on left ventricle increases to draw an adequate measure of blood into the heart and further stream it into the remaining body. Inevitably, this additional work restricts the measure of blood it can pump. This issue can result in thickening of left ventricle causing a number of cardiovascular issues and additionally potentially debilitate your heart muscle.

The warning signs of aortic valve stenosis are not properly manifested if the condition is not extreme and in many cases, the affected person do not even encounter side effects for a considerably long time.

The possible symptoms of aortic valve stenosis can be recognised through an anomalous heart sound heard through a stethoscope, chest torment (angina) or with movement, feeling weak or blacking out with movement, shortness of breath, weakness, heart palpitations — vibes of a fast, rippling pulse, loss in appetite (predominantly in youngsters with aortic valve stenosis), unexplained weight loss.

The diagnosis of aortic valve stenosis is carried out with highend precision instruments and laboratory tests. Echocardiogram utilizes sound waves to assess the condition of valve. Electrocardiogram helps in diagnosing heart failures, perhaps caused by aortic valve stenosis. For a clear assessment, cardiovascular catheterization can be performed.  Amid the process, a thin, adaptable tube is attached to the patient's to develop a point by point picture of heart's valves and chambers.

The treatment of aortic valve stenosis can be initiated with medications. A variety of surgical procedures have been perfected to treat aortic valve stenosis as well. Aortic valve substitution is performed with mechanical valves made of metal or with valve tissue from cows, pigs, or human donors. Balloon valvuloplasty for aortic valve stenosis is for the most part performed for newborn infants and children. In the methodology, a specialist directs a catheter through a vein and into the heart. At the tip of the catheter is an emptied balloon. At the point when the tip achieves the valve, the inflatable is expanded, pushing open the firm valve and extending the cusps.

Tags: Balloon valvuloplasty for aortic valve stenosis, aortic valve balloon valvuloplasty, surgical aortic valve replacement, heart valve therapy