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What Is Heart Valve Disease?

To simplify, a heart valve disease occurs when one of the four valves don’t function as desired. There are four heart valves namely - mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and pulmonic valves. A heart valve is basically responsible for flowing blood forward in the body. These valves are situated at the exit of each of the four heart chambers. The mitral valve and tricuspid valve lies between the atria i.e. upper heart chambers and the ventricles i.e. lower heart chambers. On the other hand, the aortic valve and the pulmonic valve lie between the ventricles and the major blood vessels leaving the heart. The problem occurs when one flap of the valves doesn’t open or close or there is backward leakage. One of the trustworthy and top surgeons of mitral surgery in gurgaon observed several symptoms or signs of heart valve disease and advises for instant check up and diagnoses.

Symptoms of heart valve diseases are:

  •  Difficulty in breathing.
  • Drowsiness or fatigue.
  • Uneasiness in the chest.
  • Palpitations or frequent heart bat fluctuations.
  • Swelling in ankles, feet, or abdomen.
  • Acceleration in weight.

How Valves Work

The flaps or leaflets f the four valves opens and closes just like a door for smooth blood circulation. Below is a procedure that reveals the functionality of each valve and how it aids in blood circulation.

1. Open tricuspid and mitral valves

Since the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve are situated between an upper heart chamber and lower heart chambers, the tricuspid valve is responsible for the circulation of blood from the right atrium into the right ventricle and mitral valve is responsible for blood flow from the left atrium into the left ventricle.

2. Closed tricuspid and mitral valves

The tricuspid valve shuts when the right ventricle is completely brimmed, thereby preventing the blood from flowing backward into the right atrium. Similarly, the mitral valve shuts, when the left ventricle is completely filled and in turn interrupts the blood from flowing backward into the left atrium when the ventricle contracts.

3. Open pulmonic and aortic valve

The pulmonic valve opens as a result of contraction of the right ventricle thereby, resulting in blood flow from the right ventricle straight into the pulmonary artery and the lungs. Similarly, the aortic valve opens as a result of contraction of the left ventricle, consequently leading to blood flow from the left ventricle via the aortic valve. The aorta splits into several arteries to circulate blood to the entire body.

4. Closed pulmonic and aortic valves

The pulmonic valve snaps close as the right ventricle finishes contracting and starts to relax, thus preventing keeps blood from flowing back into the right ventricle. The aortic valve also closes
as the left ventricles finishes contracting and begin to relax in turn obstructing blood from flowing back into the left ventricle.

This pattern is perpetual for continuous blood flow in the forwarding direction.

Mitral valve repair surgeon alerts that it’s not necessary that you may have certain symptoms, caused in various cases it may happen that patient doesn’t have any symptoms but still possess heart valve diseases or in cases of mitral valve prolapsed, you may have noticeable symptoms, yet after diagnosis it may reveal the valve leak is not major.Discussing mitral valve disease, it is quite a common disease recently.Conversely, doctors also examine if any other heart surgery needs to be performed than both surgeries are performed at once. Moreover, Mitral valve surgery can be performed by:-

  •  Least invasive mitral valve surgery,
  • Open mitral valve surgery or commonly,
  • A robotic mitral valve repair surgery.

Conventionally performed open heart surgery or bypass surgery is often performed by creating a 6- to 8-inch incision to see a complete view of the heart and seizing the heart in order to stabilize the blood vessels. In contrast, the minimally-invasive robotically-assisted technique uses incisions of less than 2 inches to view the condition of the heart. One of the survey syndicates that several best surgeons performing robotic mitral valve repair in gurgaon and robotic mitral valve replacement in gurgaon are receiving quite successful results in comparison to traditional approaches of curing mitral valve diseases.

Sometimes if a patient is diagnosed with mitral valve stenosis, and if it’s not recoverable through medications, balloon mitral valvuloplasty is performed.

Tags: Mitral valve surgery, robotic mitral valve repair, robotic mitral valve replacement, balloon mitral valvuloplasty, mitral valve stenosis


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