About Mitral Valve:
Situated between the left atrium and the left ventricle, Mitral Valve is one of the four valves of the heart responsible for the unidirectional flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle. It is also known as the bicuspid valve or atrioventricular valve.
What is Mitral Valve Prolapse:
Mitral valve prolapse is a degenerative disease of the mitral valve marked by the thickening of the mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium. This leads to the backward flow of blood from the left ventricle to the left atrium, giving rise to a condition known as mitral valve regurgitation. The adversity of the problem varies from person to person and while most of the patients do not require any treatment, there are still others who need proper medical assistance and guidance. The problem can be treated with the help of a mitral valve prolapse repair surgery.
Signs of mitral valve prolapse
The signs and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse vary from person to person. Sometimes the patient does not experience any symptom at all and the problem goes undetected unless detected accidentally.
The common symptoms associated with mitral valve prolapse include the following:
What are the risk factors?
Although mitral valve prolapse can affect people of any age group, it is likely to affect people above 50 years of age. The problem may even be genetic or triggered by some other prevailing health condition like Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Ebstein's anomaly, Muscular dystrophy, Graves disease and Scoliosis.
Treatment for mitral valve prolapse
In case of mild mitral valve prolapse, the patient does not require any specialised treatment and can be easily treated by making some healthy lifestyle changes. In case of chronic mitral valve prolapse, your doctor might recommend you to undergo a mitral valve repair surgery that helps to restore and preserve your original valve. The type of treatment to be undertaken is decided by your doctor after thoroughly studying your medical history and conducting the tests and screenings.