TAVR surgery is often considered to be the sole option for a successful heart valve replacement surgery. But that is not the right scene to agree with. In fact, the professional opinion of the TAVR surgery in India is itself of the face to let the layman know about the alternatives in hand with TAVR surgery. Let's move forward to explore the different options other than TAVR for heart valve replacement surgery but before we will take a detailed review of TAVR surgery and see why it is recommended by the experts in most of the cases of a damaged heart valve (especially aortic valve).
TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement)
TAVR is the preferred option when the damaged heart valve is to be substituted with an artificial one. TAVR surgery is a minimally invasive surgery which enhances the quality of the outcomes and keeps the risks at a minimum. An expert known for TAVR valve replacement in India has become one of the finest forms of heart valve replacement surgery because patients even suffering from symptomatic aortic stenosis at more than moderate risk can still be operated with TAVR surgery. TAVR surgery provides a lower risk of infection, shorter stay at the hospital, and quick recovery.
TAVR surgery can be performed by either substituting a mechanical valve or a biological valve, both have their set of merits and demerits. Biological valve is not of very long-lasting nature but they do not require blood-thinning medications whereas the opposites are true for a mechanical valve. Doctors evaluate the patients on various grounds before choosing any of these two artificial valves for the TAVR surgery.
For a long time, the treatment of the damaged aortic valve was seen as to be operated best by the best TAVR surgeon in Delhi NCR (as in any medical hub of the country). But over the years, the development in science and technology have opened up new approaches for heart valve replacement surgery, one of them is Ross procedure.
In the standard Ross procedure, the damaged aortic valve is replaced with the healthy pulmonary valve of the patient themselves because both of these heart valves have a similar structure and the functions of pulmonary valve are less hectic than the aortic valve ones. The swapped pulmonary valve's position is substituted with a replacement from a donor valve.
If the condition of the heart valve is not severe as in with stenosis, balloon valvuloplasty can be done to alleviate the symptoms and provide relief to the patient. Balloon valvuloplasty is performed once the patient is under the effect of anaesthesia. A small incision is made in the artery of the arm or the groin. This incision site acts as the access point for inserting the catheter which is attached with a deflated balloon on one side. With the help of X-ray imaging, the catheter is guided to the narrowed heart valve. Once the catheter reaches the specified target, the balloon is inflated, it opens up the narrowed heart valve. After this, the catheter is guided back out of the body and the incision site is covered.
For instance, every patient who is about to undergo mitral valvuloplasty in India is made aware of the limited advantages of this process. Balloon valvuloplasty or even balloon valvulotomy does not deal with the underlying cause of the damaged mitral valve which in turn cannot stop the recurrence of the disease. In simple terms, balloon valvuloplasty (or balloon valvulotomy) only benefit the patient by widening the narrowed up mitral valve. Mitral valvuloplasty repair is recommended because it carries a minimised risk of side-effects and complications.