Mitral valve regurgitation is a chronic medical condition marked by the inability of the mitral valve to close properly. The problem is also referred to as mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence. The mitral valve is responsible for the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle. It has a small flap that opens and closes to allow the flow of blood in one specific direction. Mitral valve regurgitation leads to the backward flow of blood which in turn poses a serious threat to the patient's life. Balloon mitral valvuloplasty in India has helped to treat numerous patients suffering from Mitral regurgitation.
The backward flow of blood leads to a considerable increase in the volume of blood which leads to excessive pressure in the veins and even damages them.
A patient suffering from Mitral valve regurgitation tends to experience certain symptoms which include palpitation, difficulty in breathing, persistent coughing, swelling and inflammation in the limbs, chest pain, nausea, fatigue, breathlessness etc. In case you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor immediately for proper diagnosis, assessment and treatment. You will be asked to undergo certain tests and screenings which help to make the treatment I even more precise and accurate.
Causes of Mitral Valve Regurgitation:
Mitral Valve Prolapse - it is a condition marked by bulging of mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during contraction.
Damaged Tissue Cords - the tissue cords flapping the mitral valve to the heart can sometimes get damaged due to old age or persistent medical conditions like mitral valve prolapse. Sometimes the cords may also rupture due to trauma.
Rheumatic Fever - it can damage the mitral valve severely and is triggered by strep throat if left untreated for long.
Endocarditis - it refers to the chronic infections in the inner lining of the heart which can damage the heart valves.
Heart Attack - a heart attack is a chronic condition marked by the inefficiency of the heart muscles to perform its functions properly. If the muscles supporting the mitral valve gets damaged, it can lead to mitral regurgitation.
Cardiomyopathy - it refers to any sort of abnormality in the heart muscles which leads to the enlarging of the left ventricle.
Trauma - this includes traumas experienced during accidents or injuries.
Congenital Heart Defects - these refer to the various problems that are present since birth
Drugs - certain medicines and drugs used to treat other health issues can lead to negative side effects which include mitral valve regurgitation.
Radiation Therapy - radiation therapy used for treating cancer patients can also damage the mitral valve leading to mitral valve regurgitation.
Atrial Fibrillation - also known as abnormal heart rhythm, the problem can also trigger mitral valve regurgitation.