TAVR or transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a minimally invasive, catheter-based, cardiological procedure that is performed on patients suffering from chronic aortic stenosis. You can find some of the best transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgeons in Gurgaon who have been responsible for numerous successful valve replacement procedures. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a new development in the field of cardiology which has brought about a revolution by making it possible for patients, who are not considered to be eligible for the traditional open heart surgery, to avail for the treatment.
The procedure is performed under the influence of anaesthesia. The catheter fitted with a balloon on one of its ends is inserted inside the patient's body via small incisions made on the side of the chest or through the groin. The artificial graft is placed inside this catheter. Once the graft is inside the patient's body it is carefully directed towards the affected valve with the help of a very small camera that helps to generate live images of the whole procedure on a television screen. This not only helps to direct the doctors but also helps to give higher precision and accuracy.
Since transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a minimally invasive procedure it has a lot of benefits like shorter recovery period and minimizes risks and side-effects.
Some of the most common risks associated with the procedure include the following :
Valve Leaks: The surgery involves the use of an artificially created graft made of living tissue taken from an animal or the person himself. Sometimes blood leaks may be experienced due to the difference in the size of the original valve and replaced valve.
Pacemakers: The new valve can exert unnecessary pressure and affect the hearts electrical system giving rise to the need for a pacemaker.
Kidney Damage: The procedure involves the use of a special chemical dye that helps to enhance the images taken by the camera and make them clearer. This dye can damage your Kidneys and even lead to kidney failure.
Vessel Damage: Since the catheter is directed towards the affected area via the arteries, these might sometimes get damaged during the procedure giving rise to the need for open vascular surgery.
Apart from these, the patient undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation is also vulnerable to experiencing a stroke and the procedure can even prove to be life-threatening.