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Learn about Mitral Valve Stenosis

About Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis is a medical condition marked by the narrowing of the mitral valve. The mitral valve is one of the four valves of the human heart that lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Also known as the bicuspid valve, it is responsible for the unidirectional flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle. In patients suffering from mitral valve stenosis, the valve ceases to function properly due to chronic blockage which hinders the free flow of blood. Balloon mitral valvuloplasty in India has helped to successfully treat many patients suffering from mitral valve stenosis.

Causes of Mitral Valve Stenosis

The three major causes of Mitral valve stenosis are listed below:

·         Rheumatic fever - it is one of the most common causes of mitral valve stenosis. The condition can lead to inflammation in the mitral valve flaps and is very hard to detect in the initial stages as the patient usually does not show any symptoms.

·         Excessive calcium deposits - the excessive calcium in our blood can get deposited and accumulated around the mitral valve, thereby forcing its walls to collapse.

·         Congenital defects and other reasons - there is also a possibility that you might be born with the problem. Sometimes people may also develop mitral valve stenosis in response to some other disease or a treatment used to cure it.

Major symptoms

A patient suffering from mitral valve stenosis is likely to experience the following symptoms:

  •  Breathlessness
  •  Swelling in the limbs
  •  Fatigue and general body weakness
  •  Palpitation
  •  Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
  •  Fainting without any specific reason
  •  Coughing up blood
  • Chronic chest pain.

Possible complications

If you have been detected with mitral valve stenosis, it is very important to seek proper medical help and avail for the treatment as soon as possible. If left untreated for long, the problem can lead to a variety of complications which include pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, enlargement of heart, atrial fibrillation and formation of blood clots.

Treatment options available

Mitral valve stenosis can be treated by both surgical as well as non-surgical means. The type of treatment undertaken depends greatly upon the adversity of the problem, age of the patient and his/her medical history.

In the case of mild stenosis, simple medication can prove to be extremely helpful. These include diuretics, anticoagulants, beta blockers, antibiotics etc.

In the case of chronic stenosis, the patient might be subject to invasive treatment procedures like percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty and mitral valve surgery.

How can you avoid the problem

In order to decrease your vulnerability to mitral valve stenosis, it is important to prevent its most common cause i.e. rheumatic fever. Try to lead a healthy and active lifestyle and consult a specialist in the field for any kind of assistance or advice.

Tags: Mitral valvuloplasty, mitral valve stenosis, mitral valve surgery, percutaneous balloon

 


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