Various minimal invasive surgical procedures have developed which have become efficient in treating heart valve problems. In the case of mitral valve stenosis, balloon valvulotomy is being recommended by the experts just like percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty is advised for congenital pulmonary valve stenosis. To provide you with details of Balloon Valvulotomy, we contacted a highly qualified professional with years of work experience in percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty, the discussion has been presented below:
How is balloon valvulotomy performed?
Primarily, balloon valvulotomy is a catheter-based procedure which depends on minimal invasion in the heart with surgical instruments. The entire procedure is performed under the influence of anaesthesia so that the patient is comfortable throughout the process. Once the effect of anaesthesia takes over, an incision is made in the groin or the arm through which a catheter is inserted to reach the heart. After the catheter reaches the mitral valve, a balloon is inflated at its tip which widens the clogged mitral valve and the optimal flow of blood through the heart is restored.
When is balloon valvulotomy recommended?
If the patient is showcasing symptoms of mitral valve stenosis, in such cases, balloon valvulotomy is recommended for the best results. On the other hand, in asymptomatic patients, balloon valvulotomy can be performed for treating mitral valve stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, mitral valve regurgitation, excessive calcium accumulation in the mitral valve, and presence of blood clots in the left atrium.
Are there any risks associated with balloon valvulotomy?
If we will compare the risks of balloon valvulotomy with other types of procedure performed for treating mitral valve stenosis such as open heart surgery, then, the rate of risks is very low primarily because it is a minimally invasive procedure. But yes, hundred per cent guarantee of risk-free balloon valvulotomy is not possible, mitral valve regurgitation, revision surgery, restenosis, and blood clots can be experienced in very few cases. Death from balloon valvulotomy is really rare.
What to do once the process of balloon valvulotomy is completed?
The completion of balloon valvulotomy is complete only after the rehabilitation program is followed by strict compliance. The patient has to regularly visit the hospital for follow-up health check-ups. In addition to that, in case of any inconvenience, the patient should directly communicate with the doctor. A well-balanced diet and abstinence from unhealthy lifestyle habits are important for best outcomes and long-lasting healthy recovery.